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Physical Therapist Education: Is it Worth the Investment?

Surveys have average physical therapist debt at about $96,000. According to the American Physical Therapy Association, “Despite the appeal of joining the physical therapy profession and its necessity as a vital health care service, the cost of a doctor of physical therapy degree has created a significant barrier to the ability of recent graduates to achieve financial stability, and it is a deterrent to promising students who must think carefully about the financial implications before pursuing a physical therapy career.”

Physical therapists (not physical therapy assistants — PTAs) have been burdened with the requirement of obtaining a Doctor of Physical Therapy degree (DPT) beyond a bachelor's degree or anything entry-level. Are the physical therapist student loans worth the money?

I must admit, the physical therapists who seek our help making a plan have higher than average student loan debt for their physical therapy education. We have a lot of borrowers who simply use our refinancing links to pick up a cashback bonus who we don’t speak to directly. That said, physical therapist education has become way more expensive in recent years.

Incomes and good pay have not been keeping up, despite the goal of moving the profession to a doctorate level education with a residency program or fellowships. Getting more than an undergraduate degree and learning specialties is a lot of coursework when the money isn't on par.

What are the financial implications of becoming a physical therapist?

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Physical Therapist Debt to Income Ratio Keeps Climbing

If we examine our internal data, the decision to become a physical therapist looks challenging. Our clients tend to be recent or new graduates of DPT programs at PT schools. The sample size is roughly 20, so this group is small relative to our overall sample of more than 1300 clients.

Physical Therapist Education: Is it Worth the Investment?

Obviously, a physical therapist earning about $75,000 would have a lot of trouble paying back over $170,000 of student debt. These average numbers don’t show the DPT with $120,000 of debt but $110,000 of income.

They also don’t illustrate the $280,000 debt carried by a physical therapist graduating from the most expensive institutions.

They do paint a picture of a profession in crisis. Examine the debt to income ratio below:

Physical Therapist Education: Is it Worth the Investment?

How to Recover Financially from Getting Physical Therapist Student Loans

physical therapist student loans

Many physical therapists who have help from family with the cost of school will be OK. Others who attend lower-cost programs and who take efforts to keep borrowing low will be able to refinance.

New DPT grads with debt to income ratios above two generally need to use a forgiveness-based strategy. There are two key paths to follow.

Public Service Loan Forgiveness For Physical Therapists

If you work full-time at a not-for-profit or government employer, you will be able to utilize the Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF) program. You need to make payments for 10 years on a qualifying income-based program such as the REPAYE or PAYE plans.

If you do this, the remaining balance can be forgiven. To be honest, physical therapists who owe as little as one times their income need to be pursuing this strategy if they qualify.

Let’s pretend Amy is our average physical therapist with $170,000 student debt at 7% and $75,000 income. She just graduated in May 2018. Let’s pretend she’s looking at a not-for-profit hospital job and a private practice outpatient job.

For the non-profit job, here’s what the math looks like. The cost in 2018 dollars is essentially net present value. The refinancing row is just a control so we have something to compare the forgiveness strategy to.

physical therapist student loans

Loan Forgiveness for Physical Therapists in the Private Sector

What if Amy took a $75,000 a year job in the private sector? Of course, that means she won’t be eligible for PSLF. However, all is not lost. She could pursue the 20-year PAYE program. She won’t get tax-free forgiveness, and she will have to pay taxes on the forgiven balance in 2038.

Physical Therapist Education: Is it Worth the Investment?

While the total cost of the payments plus taxes is $255,387 overall, the cost in today’s dollars is over $40,000 less with PAYE.

Rules of Thumb for Physical Therapist Loan Forgiveness

In fact, most physical therapists with debt over two times their income should be pursuing a forgiveness strategy. Obviously, PSLF is the better of the two, but not everyone wants to work full-time at a qualifying employer.

That’s why you can pursue physical therapist student loan forgiveness even if you work part-time or in the private sector if you owe too much to comfortably pay it off in less than 10 years.

Physical Therapist Student Loans Are Not the Best Financial Investment

If you are interested in money, it’s clear that it doesn’t pay to take out six figures of student debt and delay your earnings three years after undergrad for a salary that is under six figures typically. It's tough to make good money on an average physical therapist salary which according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics is $95,620 (median pay) as of May 2021, the latest available data. Exercise physiology has some similarities but pays almost half of that.

You could be an engineer, corporate employee, tech employee, nurse at a clinic, or a host of different jobs if you want to make a similar level of income quickly after graduation.

Becoming a physical therapist ensures you’ll likely always be able to find work of some sort. It does not guarantee that you’ll always be able to full-time hours in the location where you want to live. And if you do live where you want in a state like California or Connecticut, you'll have a higher cost of living as well.

I keep hearing stories about how there’s a new physical therapist school popping up every six months. I believe we’ll see trends continue to develop where the number of physical therapists grows to the point where employers of DPTs are the ones with leverage.

This will particularly be true in desirable places to live where the supply of DPTs is abundant.

You Can Still Get a Good ROI on Your DPT Degree

physical therapist education

You can still make the math work out so that you can retire one day, buy a house, start a family, and accomplish anything you want to do, even with a huge amount of student debt.

Getting the right plan in place for managing your student loans is critical though. You need to know how to max retirement accounts, what to put away for the tax bomb, or be confident you’re making the right refinancing decision.

We can help figure that out for you of course. Making student loan plans is our primary business.

To make the most of your DPT degree, keep fixed costs low. Don’t just buy a house because everybody is doing it. Buy your car in cash, rent if you’re in a high cost of living area or move to a place like Nevada with no income taxes. Focus on having a high savings rate.

Even the most indebted physical therapist will be able to be financially secure with a high savings rate. It’s just a lot more difficult than it used to be thanks to the ridiculous cost of a physical therapist’s education.

Has physical therapy been a good long-term investment for you? Do you think you would do it over again if you had the choice? Why or why not?


  1. Julie October 25, 2018 at 5:48 PM

    I’m an occupational therapist in a similar situation. OT’s don’t currently require a doctorate but the field is moving in that direction very soon (of course! We have keep up with the DPT’s!). However, I, like many therapists, went back to school as an adult in my late twenties – I had to do a year of pre-requisite courses just to get into the masters program. Then it was 3 years of a masters. Would I do it again? Not sure. If I had known I wanted to do this work when I was 19, it could’ve been a much smoother/less expensive path. But I didn’t know that and in fact, my art background actually gives me great skills to use in my work with children now. I don’t regret my life experience and I like my work now, but the debt is terrifying.

    • Travis Hornsby October 25, 2018 at 7:04 PM

      And the work you do is super important too. I really hope the move towards giving schools more money with more credentialing gets killed and cost of education is a huge focal point for the sake of the future of the OT profession.

  2. Sara February 4, 2020 at 10:28 AM

    I am a PT and would not do it again. I have two kids and dont live anywhere near family. To put two kids in daycare cost more than I make after taxes granted i only work 30 hour weeks. The current debt of a PT student is insurmountable when you have kids and need daycare. Also, the field is changing. Most people go into the field with the expectation to be able to help our patients one on one. However, in many outpatient settings, you have to juggle multiple patients at once and take paperwork home. It is harder to find jobs that are not like that. When you do find one, it is rewarding but often pays less. Unfortunately I would not advise people to go to PT school.

    • Travis at Student Loan Planner February 5, 2020 at 1:51 PM

      Thanks for sharing Sara!

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